߻ ( . - Columbia Phonograph Company) - . 1887 ( ), . . . , - . . 1927 -- (Columbia broadcasting system, . 1927), . . . . . 20 . (. , . -, . .). 30- . . . (Columbia ltd. , Electrola , sterreichische Grammophon .). 1948 . ( 331/3 ). , . ., . 1970 . -. , . . (CBS, Date, Epic, Go-Go, Harmony, Immediate, Odyssey, Ode, Okeh .); , . . . . . . .

(: , 1973-1982)
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